ART’S & CULTURE (Explore & be proud of it)

 By Nikita 

Culture plays an important role in the development of any nation. It represents a set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices. Culture & creativity manifest themselves in almost all economic, social, and other activities.

A country as diverse as India (BHARAT) is symbolized by the plurality of its culture.

  • The culture of India (Bharat) refers collectively to the thousands of distinct and unique cultures of all religions and communities present in India.


  • India (Bharat) has one of the world’s largest collections of –
  • Songs
  • Music
  • Dance
  • Theater
  • Folk traditions
  • Performing arts
  • Rites
  • Rituals
  • Paintings
  • Literature
  • Fairs & festivals
  • Handicrafts
  • Monuments
  • Known as the ‘Intangible Cultural Heritage’ (ICH) of humanity.

PHILOSOPHY: – There are six schools of orthodox –

·         Hindu philosophy – Nyaya

  • Vaisheshika
  • Samkhya
  • Yoga
  • Mimamsa
  • Vedanta
  • Heterodox schools – Jain, Buddhist, Ajivinka, and Carvaka- last two also school of Hinduism.
  • In historic art, sculpture in stone and metal, mainly religious, has survived the Indian climate better than other media and provides most of the best remains.


Early Indian art:

  • Rock Art- Rock art of India includes rock relief carvings, engravings, and paintings, some from the South Asian Stone Age. It is estimated there are about 1300 rock art sites with over a quarter of a million figures and figures.
  • Indus valley civilization – Most common form of figurative art found is small carved The most famous piece of bronze Dancing Girl of Mohenjo-Daro, which shows remarkably advanced modeling of the human figure for this Early date.
  • Mauryan Art- The North Indian Mauryan Empire flourished from 322 BCE – 185 BCE. Emperor Ashoka, who adopted Buddhism about halfway through his 40 years reign & several large stupas at key sites. The most famous survival are the large animals summoning several of the pillars.
  • Buddhist art- Some key sites are Sanchi Bharhut and Amaravati. The caves of Ajanta, Karle, Bhaja and many sculptures.
  • Satavagana dynasty, Kushan Empire, Gupta art many from ancient times.

Modern @rt

  • Mughal Art- Hamzanama by samad, Mughal miniature and many.
  • Sculpture – The first known sculpture in the Indian subcontinent is from the Indus valley civilization.
  • Wall paintings – The tradition and methods of Indian cliff painting gradually evolved throughout many thousands of years. Rock shelters of Bhimbetka, Deccan Plateau, Ajanta caves.
  • Folk and trivial art- Folk and tribal art in India takes on different manifestations through varied media such as pottery, painting, metalwork, paper – art, weaving, and designing of objects such as jewelry and toys. Eg- Nakashi art from Telangana or Cherial Scroll painting. Some folk arts are warli, Madhubala Art, Manjusha Art, Tikul Art.

Festivals –

  • Everything around gets light up in Diwali. Colour drenched gopis during Holi Celebrations in Krishna temple.
  • The Navratri festival is an occasion of classical and folk dance. The Bihu it coincides with Vaisakhi in North India.
  • Immersion of Ganesha idol during the Ganesha Chaturthi festival in Maharashtra. Kathakali performances are a part of Onam
  • Hornbill Festival, Kohima Nagaland involves colorful performances, carts, foods, and stuff. Durga puja is a multi-day festival in India.


  • Greetings include Namaste (Hindi and Sanskrit), Namaskaaral juhaara (Odia), Nomoshkaar (Bengali), Namaskara (Kannada), Namaskaram (Telugu), Vanakkam (Tamil), Nomoskar (Assamese), Aadab (urdu) & Sat Shri Akal (Punjabi).

INDIAN CUISINE- Indian cuisine is diverse, ranging from very spicy to very mild, varying with seasons in each region. These reflect the local agriculture, regional, climate, culinary innovations, and cultural diversity.

CLOTHING – Traditional clothing in India greatly varies across deferent parts of the country and is influenced by local culture, geography climate, and rural/urban settings. Popular styles include – the draped sari, dhoti lungi, churidar. India varies with all its culture and art in different regions.

  • Dance– India dance includes 8 classical forms, many in narrative forms with mythological Bharatanatyam) Tamil Nadu, Kathak (Uttar Pradesh), Kathakali and Mohiniattam (Kerala), Kuchipudi (Andhra Pradesh), Yakshagana(Karnataka), Manipuri(Manipur).
  • MUSIC- Samaveda is the oldest preserved examples of Indian music are the melodies of Samaveda. Carnatic and Hindustani music natyasatra, dattilam Sufi music, and many more are there.

Epics- The Mahabharata and the Ramayana are the oldest preserves epic and well-known Epics of India. Versions have been adopted as the Epics of southeast Asian countries like the Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia.