ART’S & CULTURE (Explore & be proud of it)
Culture plays an important role in the development of any nation. It represents a set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices. Culture & creativity manifest themselves in almost all economic, social, and other activities.
A country as diverse as India (BHARAT) is symbolized by the plurality of its culture.
- The culture of India (Bharat) refers collectively to the thousands of distinct and unique cultures of all religions and communities present in India.
DIVERSE YET INCLUSIVE!
- India (Bharat) has one of the world’s largest collections of –
- Folk traditions
- Performing arts
- Fairs & festivals
- Known as the ‘Intangible Cultural Heritage’ (ICH) of humanity.
PHILOSOPHY: – There are six schools of orthodox –
· Hindu philosophy – Nyaya
- Heterodox schools – Jain, Buddhist, Ajivinka, and Carvaka- last two also school of Hinduism.
- In historic art, sculpture in stone and metal, mainly religious, has survived the Indian climate better than other media and provides most of the best remains.
NOW AND THEN INDIA (BHARAT)
Early Indian art:
- Rock Art- Rock art of India includes rock relief carvings, engravings, and paintings, some from the South Asian Stone Age. It is estimated there are about 1300 rock art sites with over a quarter of a million figures and figures.
- Indus valley civilization – Most common form of figurative art found is small carved The most famous piece of bronze Dancing Girl of Mohenjo-Daro, which shows remarkably advanced modeling of the human figure for this Early date.
- Mauryan Art- The North Indian Mauryan Empire flourished from 322 BCE – 185 BCE. Emperor Ashoka, who adopted Buddhism about halfway through his 40 years reign & several large stupas at key sites. The most famous survival are the large animals summoning several of the pillars.
- Buddhist art- Some key sites are Sanchi Bharhut and Amaravati. The caves of Ajanta, Karle, Bhaja and many sculptures.
- Satavagana dynasty, Kushan Empire, Gupta art many from ancient times.
- Mughal Art- Hamzanama by samad, Mughal miniature and many.
- Sculpture – The first known sculpture in the Indian subcontinent is from the Indus valley civilization.
- Wall paintings – The tradition and methods of Indian cliff painting gradually evolved throughout many thousands of years. Rock shelters of Bhimbetka, Deccan Plateau, Ajanta caves.
- Folk and trivial art- Folk and tribal art in India takes on different manifestations through varied media such as pottery, painting, metalwork, paper – art, weaving, and designing of objects such as jewelry and toys. Eg- Nakashi art from Telangana or Cherial Scroll painting. Some folk arts are warli, Madhubala Art, Manjusha Art, Tikul Art.
- Everything around gets light up in Diwali. Colour drenched gopis during Holi Celebrations in Krishna temple.
- The Navratri festival is an occasion of classical and folk dance. The Bihu it coincides with Vaisakhi in North India.
- Immersion of Ganesha idol during the Ganesha Chaturthi festival in Maharashtra. Kathakali performances are a part of Onam
- Hornbill Festival, Kohima Nagaland involves colorful performances, carts, foods, and stuff. Durga puja is a multi-day festival in India.
- Greetings include Namaste (Hindi and Sanskrit), Namaskaaral juhaara (Odia), Nomoshkaar (Bengali), Namaskara (Kannada), Namaskaram (Telugu), Vanakkam (Tamil), Nomoskar (Assamese), Aadab (urdu) & Sat Shri Akal (Punjabi).
INDIAN CUISINE- Indian cuisine is diverse, ranging from very spicy to very mild, varying with seasons in each region. These reflect the local agriculture, regional, climate, culinary innovations, and cultural diversity.
CLOTHING – Traditional clothing in India greatly varies across deferent parts of the country and is influenced by local culture, geography climate, and rural/urban settings. Popular styles include – the draped sari, dhoti lungi, churidar. India varies with all its culture and art in different regions.
- Dance– India dance includes 8 classical forms, many in narrative forms with mythological Bharatanatyam) Tamil Nadu, Kathak (Uttar Pradesh), Kathakali and Mohiniattam (Kerala), Kuchipudi (Andhra Pradesh), Yakshagana(Karnataka), Manipuri(Manipur).
- MUSIC- Samaveda is the oldest preserved examples of Indian music are the melodies of Samaveda. Carnatic and Hindustani music natyasatra, dattilam Sufi music, and many more are there.
Epics- The Mahabharata and the Ramayana are the oldest preserves epic and well-known Epics of India. Versions have been adopted as the Epics of southeast Asian countries like the Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia.